Heart Disease; Are You At Risk?

Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in the US with 1 in every 4 deaths or about
600,000+ people dying per year.

Before we can evaluate the risk factors it’s important to note there are many different types of heart
disease. Some can be inherited and some are due to a persons specific lifestyles. These include:

  • Arrhythmias
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Congenital heart defects (at birth)
  • Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease (CAD)
This is the most common of the heart diseases and is typically a consequence of a persons lifestyle.
Coronary heart disease is a condition that affects the heart’s blood supply. The disease develops
slowly, and many people do not experience any symptoms in the early stages. However, as the
disease progresses, it can lead to chest pain (angina) or a heart attack.

Main Risk Factors of CAD
It is important to be aware of the risk factors. These include high blood pressure, high cholesterol,
diabetes, and smoking. If you have any of these risk factors, it is important to speak to your doctor
and take steps to reduce your risk.

Men vs Women Risk Factors
Women are generally older when they have their first heart attack than men. Estrogen offers
women some protection from heart disease until after menopause, when estrogen levels drop. This
is why the average age for a heart attack is 70 in women, but 66 in men.